Elinor Greenberg, PhD, Group Therapy with Borderline, Narcissistic, and Schizoid Adaptations, Gestalt Review, Vol. 23, No. 2, Gestalt Groups in the Foreground Dedicated to the Memory of Bud Feder, PhD (1930-2018) (2019), pp. 129-150
We conclude that grandiose narcissism is better understood as one manifestation of the high self-regard exhibited by a related condition - psychopathy. Conversely, vulnerable narcissism actually is narcissism proper, a behavioral adaptation to cope with and to mitigate the suffering imposed by insecurities about oneself. Author statement
Feb 25, 2021 · Elinor Greenberg, PhD, Gestalt therapist and author of Borderline, Narcissistic, and Schizoid Adaptations: The Pursuit of Love, Admiration, and Safety, explains that a parent with narcissism may ...
narcissism were both associated with indices of dysfunctional adjustment, including pathology of separation-individuation (with covert narcissism associated with a somewhat poorer profile of adjustment), while a moderate degree of narcissism was associated with positive adaptation. Finally, there is much research interest in charting the behavioral